count
参考消息

【媒库文选】沉浸式水族馆设计的秘诀

2018-09-21 13:52:11 来源:参考消息网 责任编辑:王天僚
霍金在学校不是传统意义的好学生,他不能接受学校当时填充式的教育方式,但他喜欢探索,对世界充满了好奇。

核心提示:在田纳西水族馆,游客们穿过了一个又一个不断变换的生态系统,里面栖息着河獭、蝾螈和艳丽的太阳鱼。

The Secrets Behind Immersive Aquarium Design

沉浸式水族馆设计的秘诀

Oscar Holland 奥斯卡·霍兰

At the Tennessee Aquarium, visitors pass through a series of changing ecosystems inhabited by river otters,salamanders and brightly colored sunfish. The experience has been specifically designed to replicate the route taken by the neighboring Tennessee River, which flows from the Appalachian Mountains down to the Gulf of Mexico.

The attraction, located in Chattanooga, was once the world's largest freshwater aquarium, though it now pales in comparison to the gargantuan oceanariums of China and the Middle East.

But the secret to good aquarium design is not all about size - it's about telling a story, according to one of the architects behind the project.

“The Tennessee Aquarium is really the story of the Tennessee River,” said Peter Sollogub, associate principal at the architecture firm Cambridge Seven, in a phone interview.

“We look for stories that can take a collection of animals and orchestrate them into a larger experience. It's like a film, a piece of music or a book - you progress through it and, when you leave, you feel as if you've gone on a comprehensible journey.”

Having started out working on the New England Aquarium in the 1960s, Sollogub is a veteran in the aquarium world. He has since helped create public facilities across the US, as well as in Italy, Portugal and Japan.

The first priority is always, he said, the fish themselves. But when it comes to visitors' experiences,the design process revolves around how - and where -people encounter them. Most aquariums are built in a “linear” way, meaning that visitors rarely deviate from a set path.

“Take the splendor of jellyfish or the wonder of penguins - things that are spectacular unto themselves,” Sollogub said. “What we try to do is enhance them by developing encounters in which you pass through them, or see them swimming over and under you, or at different levels.”

For architect James Hampton, a crucial element of design is what he calls the "wow factor." This seems like an apt way to describe the walk-through tunnel at Dubai Mall's 2.6-million-gallon aquarium - a project Hampton was involved in - a 157-foot-long passage with 270-degree views of fish in the surrounding water.

Creating naturalistic environments, whether through rocks or artificial coral, is central to the art of aquarium design. Keeping out sunlight is also a priority,as it can produce algae and unwanted reflections. These considerations not only provide marine life with more realistic habitats, but they encourage people to enter an all-important state of suspended disbelief.

Since the first so-called “shark tunnel” was built in Auckland, New Zealand, in 1985, walk-throughs and large viewing screens have become an industry standard.

“With the ‘old-style’ aquariums, visitors would pay their 10 dollars, have an hour or so looking through these‘picture frames’ at the exhibits, and then they'd walk out,” Hampton said. “Generally, they've had a good experience, but now it's much more immersive.”

“When you walk into a cinema, you want to be wowed by the big screen and intense color right there in your face - and that's what we try and do, with as much acrylic as possible, so you really feel the environment that you're in.”

Both Hampton and Sollogub see these tools as a means to an end. The ultimate goal is to create an emotional connection between humankind and nature. This in turn, Sollogub said, informs the educative approach that underpins aquarium design.

“The greatest part of working on aquariums is bringing guests to places they have never encountered before,” he said. “They were as wide-eyed as you can imagine, and that's really what it's all about.”

“I think aquariums are education at its purest. You're not telling people what to think, you're allowing them to feel it and experience it - to become part of it.”

在田纳西水族馆,游客们穿过了一个又一个不断变换的生态系统,里面栖息着河獭、蝾螈和艳丽的太阳鱼。这种体验经过了专门设计,为的是复制毗邻的田纳西河所流经的路线,从阿巴拉契亚山脉南下到墨西哥湾。

下一页:【媒库文选】何不重拾尺牍情

凡注明“来源:参考消息网”的所有作品,未经本网授权,不得转载、摘编或以其他方式使用。

精品推荐

排行榜

  1. 1英媒:“只管去做” 中国企业让沃尔沃起死回
  2. 2中美还有机会避免贸易战吗?外媒:相互妥协为
  3. 3外媒:中国反击美国贸易战箭在弦上
  4. 4外媒:中国反制美关税措施有理有力 美方举措“
  5. 5日媒感叹:中国车突然甩开山寨路线 设计跻身
  6. 6以一敌多胜算几何?外媒:特朗普铁心要打全球
  7. 7美媒评美国悍然发动对华贸易战:正在重蹈历史
  8. 8澳媒文章:贸易利润流向他国 美瞄准对华逆差
  9. 9美媒文章:美高估自身贸易谈判筹码 他国绕道
  10. 10为世界杯顺利开幕,俄罗斯在阿里找到中国女工
友情链接: 天地立刀心 灵契之水中镜 无尽作品 六年,六年 牧运传 惊心动魄二十一天 梦中那三国 超级红包之至尊神豪 可名状的存在 雪域雪皇 朽莹阁 骨笛残鸣 假如我能穿越万界 我怎么可能会有一名妖怪妻子 黄射三国 天地裂 天皇帝 娱乐之神豪系统 九命纪 大幽之主 皇者之天才降世 失落的奥斯本大陆 灰灵界 生赎 世界为王 火影之宇智波一族的背后灵 朝见 王者大陆第一部创建神门 将军府之第九麒麟 永恒之神掌时间 锦衣卫神探 神乃人封 春光正安好 恐怖大王 最强之我是至道 穿越,重生,时光倒流之魔法世界 这是KG游戏 进化梦想曲 死灵危机 风神绝 那份荣耀,那高塔 太真玄妙元元传 系统送我到异界 凌晨,别走 禁魔学院 剑道神尊 寂不灭 首席修道官 狂魔升仙录 三根香 绝地求生之末日曙光 与六芒星签订契约吧 四界编年史 寻觅着风的波折 古代穿越至国民闺女 食仙之旅 一念求佛 雪树 穿西装的萨满 雷劫变 被遗落的少年 星际之星徒 杀手都市游记 蛟龙腾飞 夜雪寻迹 这人不是我 天昭鸢 沪城魅影 历凡劫 创世十二乐章 全职联盟魔术师 盛世江山 绝品大公子 逆志 悠闲在神州 现世成神 最酷老大爷 神级顶包师 飞剑闻道 都市剑仙校花 那一川静水漫着荷香 死亡画社 星璇罪域 炼炁之人 我在异界跑滴滴 九夜谈 虫龙传 赛尔精灵学园之源 武主纪元 末世重生之王者之巅 冥修之路 苍穹之命 天魔纵横四海 仙路之轮回传说 人再边缘 紫雷王 恶雾行 网游之绝世道士 成仙化凡 猿光灿烂 火海无涯 少年醉酒 绝品算命师 宇天帝尊 蜀山飞升之魔佛仙神 智能手机系统 亲爱的我们一起做王者 大帝的悠闲日子 冷艳总裁的神秘高手 当个皇帝玩一玩 傲瞰苍穹 八荒绝神 极品妖孽龙帝 斗罗大陆之穿越异世大陆 山野小阴阳 虚空网游王 莫然传 神皇魔帝决 网游之战系治疗师 冰剑纵横 大唐书生 鬼门碑:上古传说 堪灵 异城——超能宇宙 都市妖神纪 乾坤之祖 三世缘:凤归来 剑破荒芜 跨越千年的等候 重生都市之横行 回不去的青春期 逆流之完美时代 奇夏 长青风 初心依可行 位面,傲世反派魔王 凌天傲歌 逆世尊皇 有蛇族撑腰的斯莱特林 幻世界域 我真不是大boss 鬼影奥特曼 天圣云起 灭神武帝 真游戏之王 龙凤战纪 一念唤万灵 渺途 凡心小医仙 最终继承 天歌灵武 魔法侦探社团 彻地通天 无敌抽奖系统之海贼王 战,武道至尊 恐怖惊魂梦 巨星帝王 诸天万界大魔头 长公主殿下 斩妖界 三里洞 武为皇 至尊法师:绝世元素师 我的荣耀时空 陌行江湖路 大道可弃 西域笔记 荣耀之史 魔渊龙炎 巅峰神作 末世之重生卡牌系统 灭世邪羽 恋上S的365天 英雄联盟之电竞神话 西陵诡事 复仇路上黎明现 重生之造物者系统 天空桥 张文远的水浒新世界 冰与火之域 一木棋牌 大神棋牌 大神棋牌 荣耀棋牌 一木棋牌 一木棋牌 娱乐兼赚钱的棋牌——一木棋牌 捕鱼棋牌完美融合的软件——真钱棋牌 吉祥棋牌,一个可以任你挑选多种棋牌模式任的平台 吉祥棋牌,一个拥有多种玩法的平台 集合各类棋牌游戏,任你挑选大神娱乐 神来棋牌 星空棋牌 真钱棋牌 吉祥棋牌苹果版 388棋牌 荣耀棋牌 吉祥棋牌安卓版 宝博棋牌 比特棋牌 即刻棋牌 永旺棋牌 豪利棋牌 京梦棋牌官网安卓版 追光娱乐棋牌 追光娱乐棋牌 追光娱乐 追光棋牌 一木棋牌苹果版 双赢彩票 500棋牌 500万-彩票 北京赛车app 江苏快三app 凤凰500万 凤凰彩票网 500万彩票 一木棋牌 大神棋牌 8亿彩票 大神棋牌app 大神娱乐棋牌 大神娱乐安卓版 大神娱乐作弊器 人人赢彩票 一木棋牌app